Special features of Villa Job terroir
Villa Job vineyard is located on the Friuli Pozzuolo plateau, 90 meters above sea level (known to geologists as “the Hills or the Terraces” )and surrounded by a wood and the Cormor river .The morphology of the land states the peculiarities of this area (only 2 squared kilometers). The oldest rocks of the substrate tend to rise in this very area generating highly complex terrain ranges: sand, sandy silt, clay, sandstone and marl.
The vine varieties that I have inherited are the classic Friuli grapes (Pinot Grigio, Sauvignon, Ribolla, Tocai, Refosco, Schioppettino).I have always had the goal of enhancing this micro-zone of Friuli Grave, all too often underestimated because not known or appreciated.
The geology of Pozzuolo del Friuli
Starting from the1960s, stratigraphic and geophysical data acquired in the plain south of Udine and parallel deep drilling, led to the identification of tectonic lines (faults) that affect both the Cenozoic formation and the Quaternary deposits. The Palmanova Line which is oriented NE-SW, is the most important fault of the plain. The Pleistocene activities of this line produced a change in the topography of the surface, forming a hump in the territory of several hundred meters in width and which extends parallel to the front of the fault.
These findings show a deep alteration in the surface due to the fact that for at least 50,000 years this area has been in a more elevated position in comparison to the heights of the surrounding plain. Since then, this high position has preserved these plains from subsequent fluvioglacial deposition phases, preventing them being covered and,at the same time, encouraging the alteration due to prolonged exposure. The height of Pozzuolo is, among the reliefs generated by Palmanova line, the most characteristic site for extension and altitude. It has an area of about 2 square kilometers and has a height of 12 meters.. In addition, the incision of the Cormor Creek shows, in the stretch between Pozzuolo and Carpenedo, the succession of deposits raised by tectonic movement. It is gravel, conglomerates and sands of the Early and Middle Pleistocene Era, thus prior to the most recent ice age, and resting in angular unconformity above yellowish sandstone characteristics, the latter attributed by Feruglio in the 1920s on the basis of their fossil content, to the Miocene Era.
When you come across isolated peaks in lowland bands, even if modest but not manmade, you will almost always find deposits of various kinds of accumulations. At times these could be frontal moraine ridges. In other cases, they might be ancient natural levees produced by the flowing of water courses that have deposited the original accumulation far from its source. It is however very rare that the plain reliefs have been generated not by the deposition, but, on the contrary, by the tectonic lifting of the territory. Thus, a lifting that is the effect of an active fault. There are evident and numerous reliefs in the Upper Friuli Plains, that have been produced in this way. For its accessibility, Pozzuolo Peak (more than 12 m above the surrounding plains) perfectly represents the most southern group of this form.